If the Christian is not to seek personal vengeance, it does not take away the government’s authority to punish wrongdoers. The day of the Lord is a very familiar expression in the Scriptures to designate any time of the special manifestation of the divine presence, either for judgment or mercy; see Ezekiel 13:5; Joel 1:15; Isaiah 2:12; Isaiah 13:6, Isaiah 13:9. See notes on, Even though Paul knew (by inspiration) that the Lord would not come in his lifetime (. When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. The original word ( καιρός) does not mean time in the general sense, but a portion of time considered as appropriate, as fixed, as short, etc. He enters now on another subject of exhortation, that as the rays of celestial life had begun to shine on us as it were at the dawn, we ought to do what they are wont to do who are in public life and in the sight of men, who take diligent care lest they should commit anything that is base or unbecoming; for if they do anything amiss, they see that they are exposed to the view of many witnesses. In many places these words convey two separate ideas (in other texts, however, they can be synonymous). Here Paul added another reason for obeying God's will: "salvation" was "nearer" than "when they first believed" (became a Christian). When we will be saved. Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Living By Faith: Commentary on Romans & 1st Corinthians. time and its sublunary engrossments are a, , are the approaching dawn before us; it becomes us to be, , and watch the approaches of the morning, of the glorious. Words in boxes are from the Bible. This is the reason why it is time to be up and active, salvation is at hand. When describing "time" (KJV) or "season" (ASV), Paul used one of two very important New Testament words. 2. This illustrates chronos time. On this great subject the Apostle taught the truth, as well as rebuked error. St. Paul, writing to the Romans, whose city was the seat of the empire, speaks largely of obedience to magistrates: and this was also, in effect, a public apology for the Christian religion. He is pointing to the motivation of why we ought to live like we live, why we ought to be doing all of these things that he has been telling us in Romans 12:3-21. Now is your salvation nearer than when you believed. And that; and do that which I have been urging. 13.armor of light; let us, as in the day, walk in a becoming manner, etc. Read Alford's fascinating brief biography and Phil Johnson's related comments. “Love your fellow-man as yourself.” You know what hour it is. Therefore, the foolishness of Christians becoming slack and careless in their service to God. He speaks of it as if conceptually and practically standing in close connexion with the close of human earthly existence, whether individual or general. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now is our salvation nearer than then we believed. Indeed, the very statements which are used to prove that he had this expectation prove even more clearly their own adaptation to the needs of the waiting church. We prefer this rendering as more exact. The latter objection is not of much weight, since the word ‘salvation’ often has a future reference, and in the Apostle’s mind the blessedness of the future was intimately associated with the coming of the Lord. They believed that Christ was to appear the second time without sin unto salvation; but when this advent was to take place, they did not know. They expressly assert the contrary, as has just been shown. You must do this. But it’s worth digging in. While studying for another article I came across this paragraph in Romans. This same message still needs to be preached because the Lord's final return continues to grow closer and closer. The character of a lawful civil governor, Romans 13:4. 11 And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. Verses 12 to 14 delve more deeply into this action. It"s just not another day, it"s another day in which we are closer to our goal of eternal life. And the idea of awaking out of sleep is that we should rise early and get on with what has to be done, which includes the spreading of the Gospel. Compare, The apostle, with a startling abruptness, as if from a sudden impulse, turns from the law to the great and closing execution of the law at the judgment seat of Christ. Nearer than when we (first) believed. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 (Read Romans 13:11-14) Four things are here taught, as a Christian's directory for his day's work. We must be ready to meet the Lord and to give an account of our stewardship to Him (cf. Some such as Allen have argued this is not the proper meaning of the text. God's people were told to be alert, to practice agape love, and to present their bodies as a living sacrifice. considering the nature and character of the period in which we now live. Eternity is just at hand, is the solemn consideration that Paul urges on his readers as a motive for devotion and diligence. So Hammond, Whitby, and many others. The declaration then seems to me to be of the most simple kind, — “Nearer is salvation now to us than at that time when we began to believe:” so that a reference is made to the time which had preceded as to their faith. Now our salvation is nearer than when we believed. The same urgency should be with us today. Bruce p. 240), "already it is time for you to awake out of sleep"-"it is time to wake up to reality" (Phi); "it is time for you at once to awake" (Gr. For now (not the same word as ‘already’) is salvation nearer to us (or, ‘is our salvation nearer’) than whom we first believed. It is possible for us to go through our lives as believers lethargic and insensible, but such a condition is not wise in view of what lies ahead of us. 1 Peter 1:9). Verse 11 is a summons to action based on the coming of Christ. The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, "that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. Our salvation.—That blissful participation in His kingdom which the Messiah at His Second Coming should inaugurate for His people. The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, “that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. 12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Romans. —Each passing moment draws us nearer to the gates of blessedness. The imagery seems to be taken originally from our Lord’s discourse concerning his coming: see Matthew 24:42; Mark 13:33, and Luke 21:28-38, where several points of similarity to our Romans 13:11-14 occur’ (Alford). "Paul recognized the critical nature of the times. Another example of kairos is Romans 5:6 (Jesus died at the right time or "season"). We therefore supply ‘you’ in our explanation of the preceding part of the verse, the whole being hortatory in its tone. Romans 13:8–14 describes the Christian obligation to love our neighbors as we love ourselves. Thus with the Day dawning it is a time for stirring ourselves, and awaking out of sleep. And this. But the particles at the beginning, And this, are to be read by themselves, for they are connected with what is gone before; as we say in Latin Adhoec — besides, or proeterea — moreover. 4. 11.Moreover, etc. Christians need a wake up call! www.easyenglish.bible. A final illustration for kairos can be found in Hebrews 11:11. Imagine a child who is waiting for his birthday. Compare 1 John 3:1-3; 1 Corinthians 15:51-52; 1 Thessalonians 4:15-18; Romans 8:23. : And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of sleep: for now is salvation nearer to us than when we (first) believed. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. The consideration by which this exhortation is enforced, is, that the night is far spent, and that the day is at hand, the time of deliverance is fast approaching. Christians should love one another, Romans 13:8-10. Nearer than—Each passing moment draws us nearer to the gates of blessedness. So in this case, ‘We must discharge our various duties, and that knowing,' etc., i.e., ‘the rather, because we know,' etc. The word “for” shows why it is necessary to awake out of sleep. While this explanation is certainly true, the text says "salvation," not death. The import then of the words is this, “Since we know that the seasonable time has already come, in which we should awake from sleep, let us cast aside whatever belongs to the night, let us shake off all the works of darkness, since the darkness itself has been dissipated, and let us attend to the works of light, and walk as it becomes those who are enjoying the day.” The intervening words are to be read as in a parenthesis. Romans 13:12 » Romans 13:11b. So also God or Christ is said to come to any person or place, when he makes any remarkable exhibition of his power or grace. Wake Up, Man Up – Romans 13:11-14. by Bryant Evans on April 27, 2011. When the day arrives, the child says, "today is my birthday." We should not expect to find chronos used here, because that would suggest Paul and these Christians knew the date of the Lord's return, information Christians do not have ( Matthew 24:36). For now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. There are three leading interpretations of this clause. By light he means the revelation of divine truth, by which Christ the sun of righteousness arises on us. We are not to understand the expressions, day of the Lord, the appearing of Christ, the coming of the Son of man, in all cases in the same way. You might try to cram a lifetime into those last days. The time has come for believers to cast off any works of darkness, including drunkenness, immorality, and jealousy. You might travel to places you have always wanted to see. The passing of time shouldn"t discourage the Christian, in fact, the faster that time seems to past, the more encouraged the Christian should get, "I am just that much closer to an final relationship with God.". Besides this distinct assertion, that the second advent of Christ was not to occur before the revelation of the man of sin, there are several other predictions in the writings of Paul, which necessarily imply his knowledge of the fact, that the day of judgment was not immediately at hand, 1 Timothy 4:1-3; Romans 11:25. Knowing the season; since ye know the season. He … This passage is in various ways perverted by interpreters. It is clock time or calendar time. NASB E-Prime Young's Compare all. The works of darkness are shameful and wicked works; for night, as some one says, is shameless. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. Now is our salvation nearer than when we believed; our final salvation with Christ, towards which believers are every day drawing nearer. They lived at a crucial point in history! Romans 13:11-14. Because time was passing, they needed to do as much as they could for the Lord before they died. The whole passage is a word picture. b. "This" refers to the duties urged earlier, not only in this chapter but in chapter12also. There is nothing, therefore, in the Scriptures, nor in this immediate context, which requires us to suppose that Paul intended to say that the time of the second advent was at hand, when he tells his readers that their salvation was nearer than when they believed. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now is our salvation nearer than then we believed. What this means is then explained: that it is already time, etc. This presupposes that the early Jesus believers were continuing to meet with Judean non-believers within the synagogues. Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. 11 And do this, yet he always had a strong sense of the nearness of that Day when Christ would Come! Also the salvation nigh at hand. ‘Salvation’ is regarded by most of the recent commentators as referring to the second coming of Christ. he was assured that his own death was at hand, he held the righteous Judge as conceptually close upon death. “And knowing this time that it is already the hour when we should wake out of sleep: for our salvation is nearer than when we believed. What is the meaning of such expressions must be determined by the context, in each particular case. But in the future it refers to the final completion of our salvation when we are presented perfect before God, and have been made ‘like Him (Christ)’ (Romans 8:29; 1 John 2:2). With regard to this point, we may remark —. According to this explanation, these Christians were getting closer and closer to the time of death. Given the context in this and the preceding chapter, sleep (hupnos) suggests a figurative meaning of "worldliness" (CBL, GED, ). The night that was far spent, was not the night of sorrow arising from Jewish bigotry; and the day that was at hand was something brighter and better than deliverance from its power. Because the Lord's return gets closer and closer with each passing moment, these Christians were told to "awake out of sleep." Indeed in no other sense can what is said here of night and day be appropriate. Among multiple sources from biblical and theological scholars, perhaps Sessions should have consulted Karl Barth who offers this warning before presenting his commentary on Romans 13: “Those who do not understand the book as a whole will understand least of all what we now have to say.”[1] Barth finds Romans 13 to be a troubling passage that threatens to deny God’s revelation. Commentaries for Romans Chapter 13 The duty of subjection to governors. When we believed.—When we first became Christians. Read Introduction to Romans 11 And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. Romans 13:11. The unbelieving do indeed labor under these two evils, they are blind and they are insensible; but this insensibility he shortly after designated by sleep, which is, as one says, an image of death. View Romans 13. N.T. Also in this book is the example in8:18 (we must suffer for this present "time"). Others expound it, that the more our life is spent, we come nearer to the judgment of God, and to the salvation promised in heaven. Paul is essentially saying get ready, man-up, its time to get serious about our faith. From this verse to the end of the chapter, Paul exhorts his readers to discharge the duties already enjoined, and urges on them to live a holy and exemplary life. Sorry for the clickbait title, because Romans 13 isn’t for dummies… it’s not an easy passage to interpret, and takes some effort to understand in context. In the past we entered into salvation when we were accounted as righteous by faith, when we became reconciled to God through Christ (Ephesians 2:8-9). Therefore, the return of the Lord is closer than what it once was." Of the renderings we give, the former is favored by the order of words in the original. That neither the early Christians nor the apostles knew when the second advent of Christ was to take place. The situation of the early Christians was, in this respect, similar to ours. p. 699), "Awake out of sleep" is an exhortation to alertness in spirit, a throwing off of lethargy. Being ‘awake' implies spiritual readiness" (CBL, Romans, p209). See 1 John 2:18 (hour). Exhortations to mutual love. The sleeper, now awake, is urged to dress as befits someone who is to face the day by throwing off his night attire." Every hour brings the expected end nearer. This may refer to the coming trouble that Nero would bring on the Christian"s in Rome. He has no need to feel great anxiety, excepting the eagerness of expectation, ), knowing that it is high time for you to awake out of sleep, that it is the hour for you to be already roused out of sleep, The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore put off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. To awake out of sleep - of stupid, fatal indifference to eternal things: For now is our salvation - `the salvation,' or simply 'salvation' (in the sense of Romans 5:9-10; Romans 8:24). Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Romans 13:11 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources "HIGH TIME TO WAKE UP" I. 11.And that—The apostle, with a startling abruptness, as if from a sudden impulse, turns from the law to the great and closing execution of the law at the judgment seat of Christ. Imagine how you would feel if you were told that you had only a few months to live. (Witham). Paul evidently refers to something of more general and permanent interest than the overthrow of the Jewish nation, and the consequent freedom of the Gentile converts from their persecutions. Monday, November 25 2019 / Published in 2nd Reading, Advent, Romans Romans 13:11-14 This passage comes in the latter sections of Romans that primary contains various practices of the Christian life. Even though Paul knew (by inspiration) that the Lord would not come in his lifetime (2 Thessalonians 2:3), yet he always had a strong sense of the nearness of that Day when Christ would Come! The grace of the gospel teaches us submission and quiet, where pride and the carnal mind only see causes for murmuring and discontent... View the entire commentary. To cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light! They lived at a crucial point in history! "They (the apostles) asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore the kingdom to Israel? Pastor John Miller continues our study through the Book of Romans with an expository message through Romans 13:11-14 titled, “Understanding The Times”. That the present state of believers, their condition in this world, is meant here by “night,” and their state of future glory is meant by “day,” appears evident from the words which follow, “for nearer now is our salvation than when we believed.” Salvation here, as in Romans 8:24, and in 1 Peter 1:9, means salvation made complete and perfect, the full employment of all its blessings. He was under no illusions about the permanence of his present opportunity of preaching the gospel without let or hindrance, but he was determined to exploit it to the full while it lasted." In this sermon outline it helps us to begin the day preparing to face the day with victory in the vision of the day. (Ephesians 5:14-16; 1 Thessalonians 5:6-8) "Few Christians are ever as wide awake as they should be." For you to wake up. 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