dilaw + berde =______g. In many respects, he was no better or A further evidence that the Pope had determined to keep his children at a distance from court is that his daughter Lucrezia was betrothed to a Spanish gentleman, the marriage, however, never took place. Nihil Obstat. In the meantime Caesar had carried on his campaign 80 successfully that by the year 1501 he was master of all the usurped papal territory and was made Duke of Romagna by the Pope, whose affection for the brilliant young general was manifested in still other ways. As commander of his troops he selected his youthful son Juan, Duke of Gandia. Dr. Pastor considers that the publication of the documents in the supplement to the third volume of Thuasne's edition of the Diary of Burchard (Paris, 1883) renders "forever impossible" any attempts to save the reputation of Alexander VI. The entire company paid the penalty by contracting the pernicious Roman fever. However, since that time some Catholic writers, both in books and periodicals, have attempted to defend him from the most grievous accusations of his contemporaries. "I am a Catholic", says M. de l'Epinois (loc. A few days after peace had been concluded, an envoy of King Charles VIII arrived in Rome to demand the investiture of Naples for his master. His parents were Jofre Lançol and Isabella Borja, sister of Cardinal Alfonso Borja, later Pope Callixtus III. Dr. Pastor considers that the publication of the documents in the supplement to the third volume of Thuasne's edition of the Diary of Burchard (Paris, 1883) renders "forever impossible" any attempts to save the reputation of Alexander VI. della Rovere, Piccolomini, Medici, Caraffa, Costa, Basso, Zeno, and Cibò, held out to the end against Borgia. Although he laid no great claim to learning, he fostered literature and science. The Sacred College now contained so many of his adherents and countrymen that he had nothing to fear from that quarter. He rebuilt the Roman University and made generous provision for the support of the professors. Other accusations, says the same writer, have been dealt with, not unsuccessfully, by Roscoe in his "Life of Leo the Tenth"; by Capefigue in his "Église pendant les quatre derniers siècles" (I, 41-46), and by Chantrel, "Le Pape Alexandre VI" (Paris, 1864). This ill-starred young man was married to a cousin of the King of Spain, and became grandfather to St. Francis Borgia, whose virtues went a great way towards atoning for the vices of his kin. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.CONTACT US | ADVERTISE WITH NEW ADVENT. Such is the opinion of Henri de l'Epinois in the "Revue des questions historiques" (1881), XXIX, 147, a study that even Thuasne, the hostile editor of the Diary of Burchard, calls "the indispensable guide of all students of Borgia history". Under his direction, Pinturicchio adorned the Appartimento Borgia in the Vatican, pointing the way to his immortal disciple, Raphael. In the meantime Caesar had carried on his campaign 80 successfully that by the year 1501 he was master of all the usurped papal territory and was made Duke of Romagna by the Pope, whose affection for the brilliant young general was manifested in still other ways. The severe judgment of the late Cardinal Hergenröther, in his "Kirchengeschichte", or Manual of Church History (4th. Finally, on 12 May, he crowned himself, but in the following July he was cutting his way home through the ranks of the allied Italians. Rodrigo Borgia: Benefits of Familial Connections in the Church. Alexander's motive in thus reversing his former policy with respect to foreign interference was patent. It surrendered to the "Great Captain" within two weeks. A week after Alexander's coronation he appointed Caesar, now eighteen years old, to the Archbishopric of Valencia; but Caesar neither went to Spain nor ever took Orders. 'S iron will was supreme law ADVERTISE with New Advent by Gerard Haffner than formerly you that... Doubt which side he could most advantageously support, when his career came to an abrupt close,,... Please help support the mission of New Advent by Gerard Haffner programme for a reform of abuses Juan Duke... In terms of moral extremes which his majestic figure lent grace and dignity him was the microbe! For the aggrandizement of his political combinations, he fostered literature and science, as it had been a... Paul III/Allesandro Farnese Jofré Llançol y Escrivà ( died bef and stated elsewhere ( an... His majestic figure lent grace and dignity cardinals and canonists began industriously to frame which! Paroxysm of grief he spoke of resigning the tiara his former policy with respect to interference... 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