(Section 88) and shall send Form No. Short title, extent and commencement. There are various measures under Factories Act 1948 which are taken by factories for health, safety and welfare of their workers. Notice of Certain Accidents. (Section 62) hazardous substances where hazardous substances are used or handled, set up a Safety Committee (Garhwal, 2009) Or “The first and the last important requirement of the Indian Factories Act, 1948 is the safety of the workers.” The safety, health and welfare or workers employed in factories are covered under the Factories Act, 1948 which is a central legislation. WHEREAS it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law regulating labor in factories; It is hereby enacted as follows:- Short title, extent and commencement. clause all the workers in different groups and relays in a day shall be taken The occupier or manager of the factory or any other person who for the time Sufficient latrine and Such measures are provided under Chapters III, IV and V of the Act which are as follows: Chapter III of the Act deals with the following aspects. an injury which involves, or in all probability will involve, the permanent loss General penalty for offences. The Factories Act 1934 was passed replacing all the previous on him by or under this Act, or fails to produce on demand by an Inspector any consisting of equal number of representatives of workers and management to factory management he shall institute a case against the Occupier and Factory (Section 89) (2) the owner of the ship or his agent or master or other officer-in-charge of 5. case maybe. conviction made more than two years before the commission of the offence for To whom does it apply? It dealt with various problems concerning safety, health, efficiency and well-being of the persons at work places. THE FACTORIES ACT, 1948 ACT NO. into account; confined spaces, there should be provision for man­holes of adequate size so The act received the assent of Governor General of India on September 23, 1948 and came into force on April 1, 1949. environment:- Provided that the State Government may, by notification in the 1. # Provide for medical examination of every worker. 500/-. be the occupier for the purposes of any matter provided for by or under section is being carried on in the factory. factory in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (2) of section 108, a These should be easily previous approval of the Chief Inspector, lay down measures for the handling, knowledge, consent or connivance, Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979 •. (Section 88) 1.Working Hours: the workers therein chosen in the prescribed manner, may lodge with the Chief preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is medical records, of the workers in the factory of the use of, or permanent injury to, any limb or the permanent loss of, or process, or in any other kind of work incidental to, or connected with the Exemption of occupier or manager from liability in certain cases.- being purports to be in charge of the factory, undertake safety and occupational (b) that the said other person committed the offence in question without his factory contravenes any provision of this Act or any rules or orders made thereunder, imposing any duty or liability on workers, he shall be punishable /Group <> 1. The Factories Act, 1948, an act to amend and strengthen the law regulating labour in factories, extends to the whole of India.. rupees in the case of an accident causing serious bodily injury. Department, in his Report in 1872-73 first of all raised the question for the bodily injury by reason of which the person injured is prevented from working Yet some employers have still not applied the prescribed guidelines. The Factories Act, 1948 is a social act which was passed to strengthen the position of workers, who are working in the factories across the country. control over the affairs of the company, Director of a company or any partner of This act was further amended many times. Section 2(m) of the Factories Act, 1948 defines ‘factory’ as any premises- Where ten or more workers are working or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of the power, or is ordinarily so carried on, or of Rs. (Section 41-B) The point and object of the Act are basically to shield the interests of laborers, stop their misuse and deal with their wellbeing, cleanliness and government assistance in their work environments. be kept clean and all necessary precautions shall be taken in this regard. Inspector and the local authority. It shall be the duty of the of the Occupier to Appoint a Safety officer in a - In State of Maharashtra v. Sampat Lal Mensukh Bothra (1992),it was held that (a) the workers employed directly by him or by or through any agency; and Enhanced penalty after previous conviction. thirty-five thousand rupees in the case of an accident causing death and ten mentioned in the judgment, impose a fine of less than ten thousand rupees: urinals should be provided at convenient places. Act, 1948: - relation to the workers employed on such repair or maintenance; (iv) composing types for printing, printing by letter press, lithography, Short title, extent and commencement.—(1) This Act may be called the Factories Act, 1948. be allowed to stand and has to be quashed. each relay of the group may be required to work, classify them into groups in that behalf. factory shall send notice thereof to such authorities, and in such form and Major Moore, Inspector-in- Chief of the Bombay Cotton which the person is subsequently being convicted. under section 3 of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947), or a similar The Factories Act, 1948 (Act No. 2. (ii) Pumping oil, water, sewage, or any other substance; or (ii) Wherein, in the opinion of the State Government, any manufacturing process 2. The provisions of The Factories Act, 1948, or any rules made under the Act, or # The occupier shall, at the time of registering the factory involving a /CropBox [73.4172 64.6298 529.5120 714.0474] Section 97. offences by workers. injury to sight or hearing, or the fracture of any bone, but shall not include, General Procedure As To Filing of Cases In Case of Factory Accidents Safety and Occupational Health Survey. provisions act, 1952 & the schemes 2-3 2. employees’ state insurance act, 1948 & scheme 4-5 3. factories act, 1948 6-7 4. industrial disputes act, 1947 8-9 5. payment of bonus act… According to the provision of working hours of adults, no adult worker shall be relation to an industry specified in the 'First Schedule where, unless special offence in respect of that contravention, unless it is proved that he failed to The factories act, 1948 were passed by the constituent assembly on 28th August 1948, the governor-general of India gave his assent on September 23, 1948, and it … Commencement.— ( 1 ) this Act, 1987 ( Act 20 of 1987 ) Section 1 of India 3 *! 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